Category Archives: Blogumentary

The End – 5 Ways to Effectively End Your Story

The opening line of any novel is arguably the most important sentence in the entire story. There are many effective ways to start a story, and there are countless articles with advice on where to start. I’m including some pretty comprehensive guides here, here, and here.

There’s a reason why the beginning is so crucial. Without a hook to draw in readers, then people aren’t likely to stick around for the end. Here’s the flip side though: how many stories have you read that have ended on a disappointing low note? A good story builds tension and excitement throughout to the final conflict. However, building tension is a lot easier than coming up with a satisfying end. Describing a satisfactory conclusion is the ultimate pay off, but it’s also one the hardest parts of drafting the story. Here are a few of my personal favorite methods to end your story.

The happy ending – this is actually not a favorite of mine at all, but readers have come to expect that the characters they fall in love with throughout your story will have a satisfying ending, comparable to what we see coming out of Hollywood.

The tragedy. Now this absolutely is one of my personal faves. How many stories end happily in real life? Life is hard, and I like my stories to reflect those difficulties. I love the struggle and anguish.

The dream – this has become a pretty big cliche in recent storytelling. The reader gets invested in characters and events that technically never happen. When stories that I’ve enjoyed turn out this way, I usually feel pretty bitter. It has the ability to be a clever way to explain some pretty outlandish plots, but at this point it can also be super predictable.

The cliffhanger – I’m going to describe a couple different ways that cliffhangers can be successful endings.

One: leading into the next entry in a series.

Two: leaving the story with an open ending for the reader to interpret. This one is a lot more difficult to do effectively, but when executed properly, it can be a thing of beauty. Each reader then has the ability to interpret the events in their own way, kind of making them part of the creative process. They get to decide how they subconsciously want the story to end, even though it could be completely different from somebody else who read the exact same story.

Lastly, I’ve seen some novels that just end in mid-sentence. This can be super frustrating for a typical reader who needs to have that resolution. If not done well, it can come across as a total cop-out. It could appear that the author couldn’t think of anything good, so they just stopped writing. And of course, the initial reaction is “where’s the rest of the story? Did I get a defective copy?”

As with anything, when executed properly, these can each be a thing of beauty. At the same time though, without adequate planning, each one of these can also turn into a train wreck and be unsatisfying for your readers. A little bit of planning to figure out what works best with your story goes a long way.

Thank you, that is a

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Writer’s Block: the Struggle with Motivation

I’ve previously written about writer’s block, as most authors have, but I’ve been fortunate enough that I’ve never had to fight through a crippling case of it. I’ve certainly had periods where my writing habits come to a standstill and I’m not sure how or when to get back to it, but so far it hasn’t been from a lack of ideas.

Alas, that’s where I find myself again. I have enough ideas to keep me busy writing for the next decade, but I definitely don’t seem to have the energy or motivation to actually do the writing. It’s not even an inspiration issue. That part even seems to be there in abundance right now. No, I just simply can’t force myself to sit down and be creative. Continue reading

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Blogumentary: Peer Associations

Let me start by saying this: Self-publishing is an art form.  Sure, writing is a literal form of art, but that’s not what I’m talking about here.  The process of self-publishing and the magic that goes into it is an art form all unto itself.  Traditionally published writers have the luxury of having agents, editors, and publishing companies that handle everything from cover design to marketing.  The writer is able to focus on one thing – the writing.  As a self-published author, I’m solely responsible for everyone of those aspects I just mentioned.

Having said that, while I am solely responsible for completing each of those things, that hardly means I do it alone.  Luckily, I’ve been able to create a hell of a support system who have been crucial in my publishing career, and have helped me put out as polished of a finished product as possible. Continue reading

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Blogumentary: Desktop Inspiration

Inspiration can be a fickle beast.  Sometimes it hits you like a ton of bricks…usually right before you drift off to sleep or are in a position where writing notes is an impossibility, like driving down the road or standing in the shower.  So, in times when I’m ready to write and can’t find my muse, I find it’s important to keep as much manufactured inspiration on hand as possible.  I try to keep trinkets, tchotchkes, and motivational items in sight around my work area to help me stay in the groove.


So far in my writing career, my main subject matter has centered around motorcycles.  It’s really easy to find Motorcycle knick-knacks, but I try to be as specific as I can with my totems.  For my ongoing Kings of Chaos Motorcycle Club series, I use my display poster board from signing events propped on the back of my desk like a backdrop.  I have a miniature replica of the main character’s motorcycle from the first book, and a topographic map of the Rough River in Kentucky – the real life geographic location for the fictional town in the series.  I even have a Lego mini-fig biker to portray the hero from the series.  Lastly, there’s a deconstructed and expanded bullet display from Ballistic Concepts. Continue reading

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Blogumentary: Learning As I Go

I’ve previously shared about my lifelong love affair with writing.  However, I’ve also shared that English classes were never my strong suit.  I began writing simply because I love to read and thought I wanted to take a crack at writing my own stories.  I’ve never taken a single creative writing class.  I didn’t major in English, journalism, or communications in college.  My whole writing career has been a hands-on, learn-as-you-go type of experience up to this point. Continue reading

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Blogumentary: My Story as a Writer

Lately, I’ve read a few bios for some author friends as well as some stories about the importance writing has had in some of their lives.  That got me thinking, what kind of role has writing played throughout my life?  I have a tendency to downplay and minimize my artistic endeavors, never really feeling like my efforts are adequate, so I really wanted to give it some serious introspection and see if I could connect any dots.  Turns out, I think I can…so I did. Continue reading

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Blogumentary: Writer’s Block


The biggest villain for any writer isn’t the one they write about in their works.  It’s the one that lurks in the shadows and preys on the innocent.  It’s a hideous beast that sucks creativity out of creators and inspiration out of artists.  Okay, so maybe I’m being a bit dramatic.  I tend to have a flair for it, after all.  Regardless of my wording, the sentiment remains.  Writer’s Block is a beast that lives in dark alleys of the mind, and nobody wants to talk about it out loud.  Mentioning it is akin to talking about a no-hitter in baseball.  If you bring it up, you’re just tempting fate and jinxing yourself.  Or so they say.  Yet here I am writing a whole post about it, so that should tell you how smart I am!

So is it actually a real thing, or some mythical concept that mustn’t ever be spoken of?  If it exists, then what is it? Where does it come from and what causes it?  It really all depends on who you ask.  I personally think most writers have experienced it in some fashion to some degree, but there are other writers who refuse to acknowledge it.  It’s not some scary monster hiding in your closet or under your bed waiting to eat your brilliant ideas as you think of them, so no worries there.  In reality, writer’s block comes from a creative lull or the inability to create original ideas.  For whatever reason, sometimes people just struggle to be creative.  Writer’s block isn’t some physical hurdle that one must overcome like a giant wall, but it is a mental obstacle that can be just as daunting.  And typically, the longer it lasts, the harder it is to shake.  The longer it hangs around, the more space it creates for self doubt to creep in.  “Well what if I never think of anything original ever again?”  “Maybe I should just give up.”  And so on.

Why does it happen?  This question needs a paragraph all to itself (since I didn’t answer it the first time I asked up above).  There is a myriad of reasons why people find themselves tripping over the writer’s block pothole of life.  (Sorry, I live in Indianapolis where potholes are always a clear and present danger.)  Pressure: fast approaching deadlines, or trying to follow up success.  Stress: changes in brain activity due to outside factors such as health, finances, or really any major life change.  Motivation: maybe due to the lack of a deadline, or just generally not feeling inspired.  I could go on and on with reasons and excuses, but I think you probably get the idea.

Let’s take a look at a sampling of responses on this topic with a few author friends of mine, shall we?

What are your thoughts on “writers block?” Do you think it’s a real thing? If so, how long does it usually last and what methods do you use to get past it?

Patrick J. O’Brian

For me, writer’s block is usually not knowing exactly where I want the plot to go next, or what I want the characters to say in a key conversation. There are those major turning points in every book, and I like to get them right, so I stew about it until the right scenario finally comes to me. That’s my writer’s block. 

Andrew Miller:

Writer’s block is an accurate way of describing the feeling associated with a lack of motivation. You could just call it a lack of motivation. For me I find having a deadline helps. Not a self-imposed deadline, there’s not enough shame in ignoring that. A deadline imposed by an outside party, particularly one that offers some sort of prompt. With both of those items in hand I can write.

What I refuse to beat myself up over is not writing when my non-writing-life prevents it. Writing is emotionally draining. The writer is constantly drawing from their own emotional and mental well for the sake of creating fully formed characters – even in non-fiction – and that can’t happen if the writer’s own life is in chaos. This too can be called writer’s block, but really it is just life.

Christian Scully:

Writer’s block is definitely a real thing. Personally, it can last from a week or two up to a few months. It’s really draining on my writing process and motivation. To get over it, I usually have a playlist of songs I feel my characters would listen to. Just getting into their head seems to help usually.

Adam K. Moore:

Definitely a real thing for me. Some days, it’s just not going to happen. I’ve sat and stared at a blank document for quite some time. Writers block is a real thing, though there are ways to cope with it.

So what is a writer supposed to do when they hit the wall with writer’s block?  As you may have noticed from the quotes above, different people seem to use different tactics.  Each method is effective for that individual, and that’s why they do it.  Some may change the time of day to write, while others use music when writing.  Depending on their normal tendency, maybe they opt for silence instead of music.  Some might brainstorm about another project to try to get their creative juices kick-started, or possibly they’ll write an unrelated short story.

A strategy I’ve employed in the past is jumping ahead in the story and then coming back later to bridge the gap.  When I was writing Crossroads I came to a point where I had no clue where to take the story.  I knew where I wanted it to end up, but I couldn’t figure out how to get there for the life of me.  One of my friends told me to start writing the next plot point and see if that might help me just get back in the rhythm of writing.  It worked beautifully.  As soon as I got re-engaged with the story I was able to go back and connect the dots rather quickly.  That method might not work for everybody depending on your writing style and how much plotting you do before you start writing the first draft, but it worked for me and that will be my go-to strategy in the future as well.

Basically what I’m getting at is this: writer’s block is a very real thing, and every writer has to find their own way of dealing with it.  There’s no one guaranteed method that’ll cure writer’s block for everybody.  Try something that you think might work.  If it doesn’t, then try something else.  There’s no right or wrong way to get through it, as long as you keep trying.

Thank you, that is all.

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Blogumentary: Editing, Proofreading, Beta Reading, and Rewrites

Now that the first draft of Crossover is in the books (get it?), it’s time to start the editing process. Or is it proofreading? Or any of those other words from the title of this post? What do all those words have in common, other than basically being synonyms for one another? Most people use them interchangeably, but indeed, they each serve a specific part of the editing process. Writers always talk about the importance of editing, and the amount of time it entails, but what exactly does that look like?  I’ve touched on this concept previously, but today we’ll get a little deeper into the weeds.

For my own projects, I break it into steps. I start by reading through and making sure the story makes sense. I look for scenes that need expanded, characters that need rounded out, and other major themes. I also look for obvious spelling, grammar, and punctuation issues that are easy to catch and quick to fix.  After that, I disperse it to my beta readers and let some outside eyes get a peek at it. I have them look for the same things to make sure my brain isn’t overlooking any glaring issues since I know what is intended.  Next, I go through with a fine tooth comb and look for any final spelling, grammar, and punctuation issues. This is the hard part because as the creator of the material, your eyes know what’s supposed to be there and are really good at glancing over things.  After that, I order the first physical copy of the book and read through it again, line by line to check one more time for any issues or mistakes.

For other works I review, I ask what the author is looking for.  Some writers feel confident in the material and just want another set of eyes to find misspelled words and unnecessary commas.  Others want to make sure they haven’t overlooked any major issues with the plot structure.  Are they only worried about punctuation, spelling, and grammar? Or are they looking for plot holes and pacing issues?  These questions fall into more specific categories of editing that I haven’t even mentioned yet (but don’t worry, I’ve basically already described them all, so now I just need to tell you the name for each process)!  Here we go!

  • Developmental editing – typically used when a writer has a concept for a story and possibly a rough outline, but still needs to fill in some gaps.  The first draft usually isn’t even completed at this point.
  • Structural editing – this looks at content, plot structure, and overall flow of the story.  This would normally be the first step after completing a first draft, and this is usually where the re-writes are the heaviest.  Re-writes fall in here, which just means going through and modifying/adding to what’s already there.
  • Content editing or Substantive editing – this is where the editing process starts to break down the content that’s on the page. This type of editing begins to break the story down chapter by chapter and paragraph by paragraph to make sure things are ordered properly and make sense.
  • Line editing – exactly like it sounds. This type of editing is going like by line, word by word, looking for run-on sentences, fragments, and word usage.
  • Copy editing – this is where editing really gets in the weeds. This is where we pull out that fine tooth comb for the first time and start looking for grammar, spelling, and punctuation issues.
  • Proofreading – this is usually the last round of edits, and this person is looking for anything the copy editor might’ve missed. The key difference between a proofreader and a copy editor is that copy editing is the last step before a manuscript goes to the printer. Proofreading is taking the first printed, hard copy of the book (usually called the proof copy), and making sure the formatting is correct and looking for any final issues with punctuation, spelling, and grammar.
  • Beta Readers – this part of the process can fall almost anywhere on this list, depending on the personal preference of each individual author.  I would encourage every writer to find a trusted group of beta readers.  Friends and family might be willing to read your work, but they’re all going to feel bad giving you critical feedback.  While it’s nice to hear how great your work is, you also need somebody that’ll tell you what could be improved.  Hopefully they’ll keep in mind the emotional attachment you have with your creation and be gentle with their delivery, but you still want to make sure they can offer helpful, constructive criticism.

That all seems like a lot, huh?  And yeah, if you want a high quality, polished, finished product, then each and every step above is very necessary before going to print.  So strap in, because writing the first draft is only the beginning!

Thank you, that is all.

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Blogumentary: Books Vs Movies


We all know it. Movies based on books are rarely good, and are never as deep and rich as the source material. The author creates a story and characters that we love, and we can’t help ourselves but get excited to see them on the big screen. We know it hardly ever ends well, but we simply can’t manage our hopes and expectations.  That’s what makes a book worthy of being adapted in the first place.

But who do we blame for the disappointment?  Does the burden fall on the author, who’s responsible for creating the content, or the studio who writes the checks and has the final say?  Does the author have any obligation to be involved? What if they don’t know anything about the industry or the process? Story telling and screen writing are two completely different things. Or does their responsibility end once they cash the check?  That’s a whole lot of relevant, valid questions, and naturally, I certainly think there’s more than one answer.  Each scenario has its own quirks, perks, flaws, budgets, and people involved that all have an effect on the outcome, so let’s look at these questions a little more in-depth, shall we? Continue reading

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Blogumentary: Part-time writer with full-time aspirations

Being an author is a pretty cool thing. People are always intrigued when they learn that I write. There are usually a string of questions and comments that follow. Most of them are good, well-intentioned questions. Others could probably be worded differently and expressed more concisely. The second group typically revolve around the “I’ve thought about writing, but I have a real job,” type of back-handed comment.  I also have a “real job” that requires a lot of time and attention.  On the other hand, I also have an undeniable urge and desire to write, so I make time for that too.  Just like with everything else in life, it all boils down to prioritizing.  I value my need for creativity, so I account for that in my day-to-day routine. Continue reading

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